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What was the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium?
Fossil fuels will remain the dominant energy source in the UK for a number of decades and methods to manage the associated carbon emissions are fundamental to the UK's transition towards a sustainable energy economy. Carbon (dioxide) capture and storage (CCS) in geological structures is fast-emerging as a promising method for decoupling fossil fuel use and carbon emissions. As noted in the Prime Minister's recent speech on Climate Change [Blair, 2004] "There is huge scope for improving energy efficiency and promoting the uptake of existing low carbon technologies like PV, fuel cells and carbon geological storage."
Blair, A. (2004) Speech by Prime Minister Tony Blair on the 10th anniversary of the Prince of Wales' Business and Environment Programme, London, 14 September 2004.
UKCCSC Mission statementTo promote an understanding of how options for decoupling fossil fuel use from carbon emissions through the use of carbon capture and storage could be used to assist the UK in achieving an energy system which is environmentally sustainable, socially acceptable and meets energy needs securely and affordably.
What were the Objectives of UKCCSC?
To assist in the national aim of reducing UK CO2 emissions by 60%, by decoupling economic growth from energy use and pollution.
To assist in maintaing the reliability and cost of UK energy, such that every home can be adequately and affordably heated.
To rapidly expand the UK research capacity in carbon capture and
storage (CCS), making a large contribution to national energy targets.
To assist in enabling the continued use of the UK's coal reserves,
both through conventional mining and underground coal gasification.
Investigation of fossil fuel gasification as a bridge to the hydrogen economy.
To assist in bridging the gap between the present day fossil fuel economy and the future hydrogen economy.
Overall assessment of lifecycle costs and emissions of fossil fuel supply options.
Assessment of the impact of future energy supply/demand scenarios on
the overall costs and emissions of non-CCS and CCS fossil generation.
To explore the role of CCS in the update of the UK's energy infrastructure.
Investigation of CCS synergies with other low-emission energy sources.
To assist in extending the life of the UK North Sea oil industry by 1 or 2 decades by realising the potential of CCS.
Investigation of the potential impacts of CO2 leakage during capture
and storage, and compare these to the environmental impacts of
Establish a Geographical Information System (GIS) based decision support tool.